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新概念4册3课:马特霍恩山区人 Matterhorn man

新概念4册3课:马特霍恩山区人 Matterhorn man

 Modern alpinists try to climb mountains by a route which will give them good sport, and the more difficult it is, the more highly it is regarded. In the pioneering days, however, this was not the case at all. The early climbers were looking for the easiest way to the top, because the summit was the prize they sought, especially if it and never been attained before. It is true that during their explorations they often faced difficulties and dangers of the most perilous nature, equipped in a manner with would make a modern climber shudder at the thought, but they did not go out of their way to court such excitement. They had a single aim, a solitary goal -- the top!
    It is hard for us to realize nowadays how difficult it was for the pioneers. Except for one or two places such as Zermatt and Chamonix, which had rapidly become popular, Alpine village tended to be impoverished settlements cut off from civilization by the high mountains. Such inns as there were generally dirty and flea-ridden; the food simply local cheese accompanied by bread often twelve months old, all washed down with coarse wine. Often a valley boasted no inn at all, and climbers found shelter wherever they could -- sometimes with the local priest (who was usually as poor as his parishioners), sometimes with shepherds or cheese-makers. Invariably the background was the same: dirt and poverty, and very uncomfortable. For men accustomed to eating seven-course dinners and sleeping between fine linen sheets at home, the change to the Alps must have very hard indeed.

参考译文
    现代登山运动员总想找一条能够给他们带来运动乐趣的路线来攀登山峰。他们认为, 道路愈艰险愈带劲儿。然而,在登山运动的初期,全然不是这种情况。早期登山者所寻找的是通往山顶的最方便的途径,因为顶峰特别是前人未曾到过的顶峰 -- 才是他们寻求的目标。确实,在探险中他们经常遇到惊心动魄的困难和危险,而他们装备之简陋足以使现代登山者一想起来就胆战心惊。但是,他们并非故意寻求这种刺激,他们只有一个目标,唯一的目标 -- 顶峰!
    我们今天很难想像昔日的登山先驱们是多么艰苦。除了泽曼特和夏蒙尼等一两个很快出了名的地方外,阿尔卑斯山山区的小村几乎全是高山环抱、与世隔绝的穷乡僻壤。那里的小客栈一般都很肮脏,而且跳蚤猖獗。 食物是当地的干酪和通常存放了一年之久的面包,人们就着劣酒吞下这种食物。山谷里常常没有小客栈,登山者只好随遇而安。有时同当地牧师 (他通常和他的教民一样穷)住在一起,有时同牧羊人或制乳酪的人住在一起。无论住在哪儿,情况都一样:肮脏、贫穷,极其不舒适。对于过惯了一顿饭吃7道菜、睡亚麻细布床单的人来说,变换一下生活环境来到阿尔卑斯山山区,那一定是很艰难的。
 
 
生词短语
1、 alpinist(1.1)/’$lpinist/n.登山运动员
climber
mountaineer
词根:alp
Alps(1.16)/$lps/ n.阿尔卑斯山脉Alpine(1.9)/$lpain/adj.阿尔卑斯山的
2、 attain(1.4)/+’tein/ v.到达
to get to
to arrive at/in
to attain one’s goal=realize
to attain the top/peak/summit达到顶点attain youth永葆青春
attainment (n) attainments成就accomplishment
3、perilous(1.5)/’peril+s/adj.危险的peril
(随时可能出现的)危险avalanche雪崩
4、shudder (1.5)/’M]d+/ v.不寒而栗
shudder:quick and sudden
tremble:long and very obvious
quiver:excitement ,maybe cold
shiver: cold and nervous
5、 go out of one’s way
专门by the way顺路
too much for me受不起
6、 court (multiple meanings多义词)
1] 朝廷
朝臣courtier
2] courteous彬彬有礼的
3] 法庭
4] 娱乐场 足球场soccer/football court高尔夫球场golf court
5] 追求
6] 招致
骄兵必败pride courts failure
7、 solitary(1.6)/’s&lrt+ri/adj.唯一的
sol-独solo独唱
独奏
solitude孤独
I live in solitude.=I live a lonely life.
8、 pioneer(1.2)/?pai+’n+/ v.开辟,倡导;n.先锋,开辟者
9、 impoverish(11.9-10)/$m’p&v+rM/v.使贫困poor(口语词)
罗素名言:A great many man will cheerfully face inpoverishment if they can secure
complete ruin for their rival,hence present level of taxation.
许多人会高兴的面对贫困,如果他们能使对手落魄,因此出现了现在的税收水平。
10、coarse(1.12)/k&:s/adj.粗劣的
coarse throat嗓子哑sore throat
嗓子发炎coarse fare
粗粮
refined fair细粮
coarse and refined
in a coarse manner粗暴无礼
11、boast(1.12)/b+ust/v.自恃有
用法:以人作主语,夸耀;以物作主语,拥有
He boasted that of his knowledge.
The center boasts a team of high qualify(qualified researchers.)
12、parishioner(1.13)/p+riM+n+/n.教区居民
parish教区
13、shepherd(1.14)/’Mep+d/n.牧羊人sheepÆshep
herd
兽群
14、linen(1.15)/’linin/n.亚麻布床单
Notes on the text
 
课文注释
1、Route
路线
Road
道路
2、good sports :stimulus刺激thrilling震撼、兴奋
3、regard
regard sb with sth(感情词love \hatred\horror\respect) Dad, I regard you with horror.爸爸,我很害怕你。
4、pineering days, ancient (先人时期)
5、not at all根本不case这回事
6、be doing表达当时的行动(状态)
7、top:顶点summit山顶peak山顶
The scenery is at the peak of
the mountain.无限风光在险峰。
I am at the top of the world.我在世界之巅。 Summit meeting峰会
8、 attain
到达conquer征服
9、be of the most perilous nature
nature
特点、特性
the most perilous difficulties and dangers
学会be of the + adj+noun
结构He is the kindest man. =He is the man of the kindest man.
10、equipped表示当时的一种伴随。
11、in a manner以这样的方式
12、make sb do sth
(省to结构)
13、at the thought一想到 ,mention一提到,idea一想到 这个结构后面加介词of
原文即at the thought of their poor equipment
14、go out of one’s way刻意intentionally
eye catching引人注目的
15、the real living conditions真实生存状况
16、nowadays插入语,现在回想起来,可在句首、句末
17、except for把其中的一部分扣除
18、tend to be倾向于
19、settlement生存地、驻扎地
20、cut off=which are cut off
21、flea ridden跳蚤
22、as they were可以这么说,插入语
还有as it were
This book is , as it were, his life portrait.
这本书,可是说,是他的人生写照。
23、local当地的
24、wine低度酒alcohol酒精alcoholic酒鬼
25、boast拥有priest牧师shepherd牧羊人
invariably=all the same
26、dirt and poverty, and very uncomfortable (结构不符合习惯,不可学)
27、course一道菜
28、must have been表推测
29、be accustomed to ,be used to + 名词、动名词
I am used to the life in Bejing.
I am used to living in Bejing.
30、早餐:scratch a meal
中午餐:snack快餐
晚餐:dinner
31、the change to
Education brings great change to his outlook/view on life.
教育使他的面貌(对生活的看法)产生了很大变化。